Laparoscopic gallbladder removal surgery (cholecystectomy) removes the gallbladder and gallstones through several small incisions in the abdomen. This is the best method of treating gallstones that cause symptoms.
The procedure is safe and effective, and risk of complication is very low.
Hernias occur when the thin inside lining under the muscle wall that is closest to the internal organs pushes through the muscle. A bulge is a common sign of a hernia. When this occurs, intestines or other tissue may push out with the muscle wall lining.
Hernia repair involves re-establishing the muscle wall, using a surgical mesh, to keep the insides from pushing out through the abdominal vault.
In the colon, some people have small pouches that bulge outward through weak spots where the blood vessels enter the colon. Having multiple pouches is called diverticulosis. When the diverticula is perforated and leads to inflammation and infection, this is called diverticulitis.
Diverticulitis occurs in 10 to 25 percent of people with diverticulosis. Approximately half of Americans ages 60 to 80, and almost everyone over age 80, have diverticulosis at some time. The disease is common in developed or industrialized countries – particularly the United States, England, and Australia – where low-fiber diets are common. It is rare in countries in Asia and Africa, where people eat high-fiber diets.
Several conditions can cause abnormal growths in the body. Most of these growths are benign, though some are malignant, or cancerous.
The most common growth forms more easily recognized by people are those that are on the skin or just under the skin in a layer called the “subcutaneous tissue.” If a growth is growing, or if it is starting to bother the patient, surgical removal is considered, even if the growth is benign.
Frequent heartburn may mean you have acid reflux or gastroesophageal reflux disease, also known as GERD. GERD can sometimes be treated with simple lifestyle changes, such as in diet, timing of food consumption and other behavioral changes. When these changes, along with medication, do not work, surgery is an option.
Acid reflux can cause severe inflammation of the esophagus, called esophagitis. The esophagus can also become strictured, or have other physical changes, such as with a disease called Barrett’s esophagus. These are other factors that might make heartburn surgery the right option.
Heartburn surgery involves either open surgery or laparascopic surgery, which is less invasive and usually the better option.
Appendicitis is one of the most common causes of emergency abdominal surgery in the United States. It usually occurs when the appendix becomes blocked by feces, a foreign object, or rarely, a tumor.
The symptoms of appendicitis can vary. The first symptom one feels is often pain around the belly button. The pain may be minor at first, but it becomes more sharp and severe. You may experience reduced appetite, and you may have nausea, vomiting, and a low fever. As the swelling in the appendix increases, the pain tends to move into your right lower abdomen. It focuses right above the appendix at a place called McBurney’s point. This most often occurs 12 to 24 hours after the illness starts.
If your appendix breaks open (ruptures), the pain eventually gets much worse, and surgical removal of the appendix is more difficult.